How to effectively supplement calcium for diabetics?

30.03.23 135

Osteoporosis is one of the silent, silent diseases that is very common. Osteoporosis is often detected in the elderly, causing a series of sequelae of the musculoskeletal system. Many studies show that, especially in patients with diabetes, osteoporosis is getting worse. So what is the cause of this phenomenon? And how to supplement calcium for diabetics effectively? Please read through the following article of Solife Vietnam.

1. How does diabetes affect osteoporosis?

calcium supplements for diabetics

Diabetes is classified into two types based on the mechanism of disease: type I diabetes and type II diabetes. Regardless of the type, the root cause of diabetes is a disorder in the insulin synthesis cycle.

For type I diabetes, a lack of insulin levels in the blood inhibits the growth of bone cells. At the same time, type I diabetes will be associated with a variety of other diseases such as Graves’ disease, Celiac disease, … affecting the metabolic processes necessary for bone formation.

For type II diabetes, the cross-over mechanism between diseases is more complicated, often due to the effects of excessive use of diabetes-specific drugs that disrupt cell differentiation. Instead of the body taking advantage of the differentiated mesenchymal stem cells to regenerate into bone cells, it turns to differentiate into adipose tissue cells. Therefore, the bone structure is gradually destroyed due to the lack of replacement bone cells.

A fairly common sequelae of diabetes – kidney failure also affects the body’s ability to absorb calcium. This is because when the kidneys are damaged, the process of excreting magnesium, calcium and phosphorus will take place in an uncontrolled way. The body will then also lack all 3 important elements for the muscle – bone – joint system.

2. Ways to supplement calcium for diabetics

2.1 Supplementing calcium through natural foods

Supplementing calcium through natural foods

One of the simplest and most effective ways to supplement calcium for people with diabetes is to have a balanced diet. Because calcium is easily found in natural foods, patients can prepare their own healthy and delicious meals. Here are some of the foods that are naturally rich in calcium:

  • Nuts: Sesame seeds and chia seeds are the two best-known candidates for plant-based sources of calcium. 1 per soup of sesame seeds gives you up to 9% of your daily calcium needs.
  • Milk and dairy products: Most foods made from milk always contain a good amount of calcium.
  • Legumes: In addition to providing a large amount of plant protein, the legume family can also be considered as a very healthy plant source of calcium.
  • Green leafy vegetables: kale, broccoli, spinach, … are representative of green vegetables containing very high calcium content.
  • Sardines, salmon: not only contain calcium, but these two types of fish also carry a lot of vitamin B12 and omega 3 which are good for the heart.

Read more: Foods that help strengthen bones that you should know

2.2 Supplementing calcium with functional foods

Bổ sung canxi bằng các thực phẩm chức năng

Understanding the need for calcium supplements, especially calcium for diabetics, currently on the market there are many types of functional foods that help to fully supplement nutrients for bone development.

However, the use of such functional foods should be carefully considered. Especially if you have a history of allergies to ingredients from the product or are taking multiple medications, you need to consult a medical team or a nutritionist.

Read more: Instructions on how to supplement calcium and important notes

3. Things to keep in mind when adding calcium for diabetics

tiểu đường có thể gây loãng xương

As mentioned above, diabetics are at high risk for osteoporosis. Therefore, calcium supplementation for diabetics becomes even more important.

The answer to whether diabetics can take calcium is not certain. Currently, there is no drug that has been clinically proven to cure osteoporosis. Therefore, it should be noted that regular calcium supplements for diabetics follow the dose recommended by a doctor or medical professional.

Calcium in the form of functional foods should be taken in the morning or afternoon. Avoid taking calcium-rich foods or products in the evening because it can cause calcium residue. This is the main cause of kidney stones.

Patients need to abstain from using alcohol, tobacco and tea to ensure the body’s calcium absorption and metabolism is always in the best state.

At the same time, due to osteoporosis and diabetes, patients should pay attention to avoid vigorous exercise. Injury to bones, joints or open wounds in patients with osteoporosis or diabetes will cause many dangerous complications, which can lead to gangrene.

Read more: Guidelines For Calcium Supplementation For The Elderly With High Efficiency


Due to the cross-influence mechanism between osteoporosis and diabetes, the need for calcium supplements for diabetics is always a top priority. Hopefully, through the above article, readers have been equipped with more knowledge to be able to find and buy calcium supplements that are suitable for them.


Trần Hoàng Uyên (Senior Manager Pharmaceutical company) là chuyên gia cấp cao với nhiều năm kinh nghiệm trong lĩnh vực dược phẩm. Tốt nghiệp cử nhân chuyên ngành Quản lý dược I tại Trường Đại học Y dược TP. Hồ Chí Minh và hiện đang công tác tại công ty dược phẩm. Với hơn 10 năm kinh nghiệm làm việc trong ngành dược, chị Hoàng Uyên là chuyên gia cộng tác tham vấn y khoa cho danh mục blog cũng như các nội dung liên quan trên Solife. (Tran Hoang Uyen (Senior Manager Pharmaceutical company) is a senior specialist with many years of experience in the Pharmaceutical field. She graduated Bachelor of Pharmacy Management I at the University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City and is currently working for a pharmaceutical company. With more than 10 years of experience working in the pharmaceutical industry, Ms. Hoang Uyen is a medical consultant collaborator for content on Solife's website.)